April 24th marked the anniversary of the Kesavananda Bharati decision, which enunciated the Doctrine of Basic Structure. Let us reflect on the judgment in the light and memory of Nani Palkhivala, who argued the case on behalf of the petitioner. The aim of the Constitution’s drafters, influenced by the independence struggle, was to usher in a democratic community through socio-economic reforms. Agrarian reform was high on the Government’s priority list. Land reform laws were introduced with this goal in mind.